[Abstract] China is in a stage of rapid urbanization, with inter-regional inequity and imbalance. This makes ‘region’ as urbanization research unit to be more practically significant and sense-making. In this paper, six central Chinese provinces are studied from dimensions of historical context of urbanization, population development, evolution of industrial structure, and urban system. Studies have shown that major state investment in Planned Economy Era laid the foundation of urbanization in these six provinces, but these fundamentals have been difficult to adapt to market economy and globalization. After Reform and opening-up, urbanization in the six central provinces lagged behind eastern costal region with more and more severe gap. A series of characteristics of such gap include urbanization to other city, lack of sustainable in-situ urban economy growth , and imbalanced development of urban system. The conclusion and findings can provide a fact-based reference for further in-depth study of regional urbanization mechanism and it can also provide guidance for urban planning practice in Central China.
[Key Words] Central China, Urbanization, Features, Causes