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我国中部地区城镇化进程的若干特征及其成因初探

2013.04.24  700
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[摘要]我国正处于城镇化高速发展阶段,但区域间的城镇化发展并不平衡,这样的现实决定了以“区域”为研究单元的城镇化研究具有重要的现实意义。本文以中部六省为研究对象,从人口发展、产业结构演进、城镇体系组织等维度梳理了中部六省城镇化发展的历史脉络。研究表明,计划经济时代国家重大投资奠定了中部六省城镇化的基础,但是这些基础难以适应市场经济体制与全球化力量的多元变化,因此改革开放后中部六省城镇化进程与东部发达地区的差距逐步显现并呈现出包括异地城镇化、城市经济内生动力匮乏、城镇体系发展失衡等一系列共性特征。研究结论可为区域性城镇化动力机制的深入研究提供现实依据,同时也可为中部城市的规划实践提供系统参考。

 

[关键词]中部、城镇化、特征、成因

 

[Abstract] China is in a stage of rapid urbanization, with inter-regional inequity and imbalance. This makes ‘region’ as urbanization research unit to be more practically significant and sense-making. In this paper, six central Chinese provinces are studied from dimensions of historical context of urbanization, population development, evolution of industrial structure, and urban system. Studies have shown that major state investment in Planned Economy Era laid the foundation of urbanization in these six provinces, but these fundamentals have been difficult to adapt to market economy and globalization. After Reform and opening-up, urbanization in the six central provinces lagged behind eastern costal region with more and more severe gap. A series of characteristics of such gap include urbanization to other city, lack of sustainable in-situ urban economy growth , and  imbalanced development of urban system. The conclusion and findings can provide a fact-based reference for further in-depth study of regional urbanization mechanism and it can also provide guidance for urban planning practice in Central China.

 

[Key Words] Central China, Urbanization, Features, Causes

 

 

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